Basic knowledge of microblower (Air pump)

This page introduces the mechanism and operating principle of the air pump, and the characteristics of Murata's microblower (micro pump).

Murata Icon X What is an air pump?

An air pump is a device which sucks in air from one side and discharges the air from the other side.
For example, a pump which generates air (bubbles) in a fish tank for goldfish, etc. is a type of air pump device.

Air pumps include a motor type, voice coil motor (electromagnetic) type, and piezoelectric type, etc. All the types use a valve to divide the suction and discharge, and generally repeat the suction and discharge of air through the reciprocating motion of a diaphragm by a drive source (motor / piezoelectric, etc.)


・Structure and features of a common motor type diaphragm pump



The diaphragm moves up and down by converting the rotation of a motor into the movement of the diaphragm. The volume of the pump housing in the center space repeatedly expands and contracts with this movement, and air is sucked in when it expands, and air is discharged when it contracts.

The valve provided for both the air outlet and discharge port creates air flow in one direction, and prevents the backflow of air.

The air flow rate and discharge (suction) pressure is determined by the rotational speed of the motor, and the movement amount of the diaphragm pump.

Generally, selecting the type of motor and size of diaphragm makes it easier to manufacture pumps with various air characteristics for motor type diaphragm pumps, which also makes it relatively easy to realize a high-pressure and high flow rate air pump.

However, since the motor is used as the drive source, the size becomes larger and the weight becomes heavier.

It is also accompanied by vibration and noise while operating, which tends to make the operating noise louder.


・Structure and features of common piezoelectric type diaphragm pump



The vibration of the piezoelectric element moves the diaphragm, and the air is sucked in and discharged by the fluctuating volume in the pump housing. Generally, since the vibration of the piezoelectric element is minute, large fluctuation of the diaphragm is not generated so easily, and the air flow rate tends to remain low.

To increase the output, a larger piezoelectric element and diaphragm is used, and as a result, the outer dimensions are also become larger.

Murata Icon X What is a microblower?

Murata's microblower uses the principle of a piezoelectric type diaphragm pump.
While this device is smaller and thinner with ultrasonic vibration applied using piezoelectric ceramic, it realizes a high pressure and flow rate.

Murata's unique technology also realized a microblower with an air flow in one direction without using a valve.
* There are also types which use a valve.


Generally, when a microblower is compared with a motor type diaphragm pump, the microblower continuously discharges air by high frequency vibration, so there is no pulsation which occurs in the flow of the discharged air.


■ Summary of microblower characteristics

  • Smaller and thinner device realized high pressure / flow rate
  • Realized quietness using a frequency domain vibration (ultrasonic vibration of piezoelectric ceramic) beyond the audible range of humans
  • Since air is continuously discharged by high frequency vibration, no pulsation occurs in the flow of the discharged air

Murata Icon X Operating principle of a microblower

The details of the operating principle of a microblower are as follows.

Murata Icon X Conclusion

Microblowers are used for various applications and devices which require air to be drawn in and discharged, including medical and health care products. Murata offers an abundant lineup according to the discharge/suction pressure and the flow rate.

Click here for the lineup >


Demonstration movies of Microblowers >
Send your inquiry >