SensorsBasic knowledge of MEMS Technology

Summarized the structure, principle and features of MEMS technology that realizes high accuracy and high reliability.

Basic knowledge of MEMS Technology

Single crystal silicon capacitive MEMS

What is single crystal silicon MEMS? This page shows features and constructions.

Low-g Accelerometer

This page shows the characteristics of single crystal silicon that measures minute capacitance change and the detection principle.


This page shows the features and construction of 3D MEMS that is our original technology.

Gyro Sensor

This page shows construction and principle for get gyro signal out put, and feature of Murata's gyro sensors.

Technical Articles

This page shows the articles posted to technical magazines.

Single crystal silicon capacitive MEMS

"A sensor is the gateway between the three-dimensional world and an information system. You can't measure phenomena of the 3D-world efficiently and accurately without resorting to 3D-technology. This is why 3D MEMS for its motion and pressure sensors."

Heikki Kuisma, Program Manager, New Technology Development

Heikki Kuisma

Murata's silicon capacitive sensors are made of single crystal silicon and glass. These materials ensure exceptional reliability, unprecedented accuracy and excellent stability over time and temperature. Manufacturing technologies are borrowed from semiconductor industry, which provides mass production capability and cost efficiency. Additional MEMS-specific technologies include wafer bonding and deep reactive ion etching of silicon.

Murata is using the simple and stable capacitive detection principle. It is based on the variation of the distance between two surfaces. The capacitance, or charge storage capacity of a pair of surfaces, depends on their distance and on the overlapping surface area. Murata Electronics Oy's 3D MEMS sensors are robust structures that are very sensitive to inertial forces and pressure but are insensitive to other environmental variables and causes of failure. Symmetry and other sound design principles of the accelerometers and gyroscopes help to improve stability, linearity, cross-axis sensitivity and susceptibility to vibrations.

Our 3D MEMS are capped, i.e. inherently hermetically sealed in a wafer level process for reduced packaging requirements. No particles or chemicals can enter the capped sensor, a fact that ensures reliability. We are the pioneer in utilizing through-silicon vias in the capping wafer. This saves device area and simplifies the packaging process.

Depending on the needs of the application the accelerometer, gyroscope and pressure sensor elements can be designed for a specific sensitivity, measuring range and frequency response. Accelerometer and gyroscope elements are available for both in-plane and z-axis measurement as well as for 3-axis sensing. Gyroscopes can be used for signals as small as earth's rotation and as large as tracking the motion of a human hand.

System-in-package technologies are used to combine one or more sensing elements with signal processing circuits. Very robust and reliable moulded cavity and over-moulded plastic packages are used for automotive and industrial products.